EX NOVO Vol. 3 (2018)
EX NOVO Vol. 2 (2017)
EX NOVO Vol. 1 (2016)
Ex Novo Background Photo - The Post-War Italian Diaspora
Often referred to as Italian Diaspora, the large-scale migration of Italians away from their country during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, occurred in different waves. Throughout modern Italian history, there are two major diasporic events. The first diaspora began approximately around 1880, a decade or so after the Unification of Italy (with most leaving after 1880), and ended in the 1920s to early-1940s with the rise of Fascism in the country. The second diaspora started in the aftermaths of World War II and came to an end roughly in the 1970s. These together constituted the largest voluntary migration period in documented Italian history. Between 1880-1976 about 13,000,000 Italians left the country permanently (Ben-Ghiat & Hom (eds.), Italian Mobilities, Routledge 2016). By 1978, it was estimated that about 25,000,000 Italians were residing outside Italy (R. King, Report: The Italian Diaspora, Area 10 (5), 1978: 386). A third wave is being reported in present times, due to the socio-economic problems caused by the financial crisis of the early twenty-first century, especially among the young. According to the Public Register of Italian Residents Abroad (AIRE), figures of Italians abroad rose from 3,106,251 in 2006 to 4,636,647 in 2015, growing by 49.3% in just ten years (Repubblica, 6 October 2015).